Founded by English settlers in 1630, History of Boston is one of the great historic cities of the United States. In its architecture and in its center, it has kept important elements from past centuries, to the delight of visitors.
Real Name of Boston
The Algonquin peoples who once occupied the current Boston peninsula were called “Shawmount” (Freshwater) and the first settlers gave it the name of Trimountains ins or Tremont inspired by the presence of three hills that are called today Beacon Hill, Copp’s Hill and Fort Hill. The first white man to settle here in 1623 was probably the English priest William Blackstone or Blaxton. He lived there alone in 1630.
It was then that John Winthrop, the future governor of Massachusetts, settled there with eight hundred Puritan settlers from the nearby city of Charleston to the north. In 1634 Blackstone ceded the peninsula to the settlers for £ 30 and went to Rhode Island.
Growth of Boston
In honor of the English city from which some of their chiefs originated, the colonists gave the place the name of Boston, and Winthrop made it the capital of the colony.
In 1632 the first church was built, and in 1637 the first quay on the harbor was built. The city did not stop growing (fishing, trade of furs and wood) and became an important transatlantic port. In 1704, the first American newspaper, the Boston News Letter, appeared.
By the mid-18th century, Boston car Service was already the most important city in North America. (15,000 inhabitants in 1750). Since King Charles II’s accession to the throne of England (1660), Boston had become the homeland of opposition forces in the motherland, and it was here that the liberation struggle began.
On March 5, 1770, the Boston Massacre took place, a sad memory: British soldiers excited by the crowd fired on the crowd, killing at least three people and wounding eight.
Boston History Tragedies
The tense situation experienced, on December 16, 1773, another moment of paroxysm during the famous Boston Tea Party: to protest against the restriction of the right to trade with the colonies, which had been decided by the English governor, citizens of Boston, costumed in Mohawk Indians, threw a load of tea from the East Indies into the waters of the port. In retaliation, the English bombed the port.
In April 1775, English General Thomas Gage wanted to requisition the stocks of the American revolutionary army stored at Concord. William Dawes, Samuel Prescott and jeweler Paul Revere managed to carry the news, which had been rumored, to Lexington and Concord during the night of April 18-19. This is how the English soldiers had to fight American snipers for the first time.
At the Battle of Bunker’s Hill, the English gained one last victory, but they had to leave the city after the passage of Charles River by George Washington who occupied the heights of Dorchester.
Civilized History of Boston City Ever
In 1800, Boston had 25,000 inhabitants, by 1850 already 187,000. Towards the middle of the last century, work began to fill in the vast flooded areas that surrounded the peninsula, especially along Charles River (Black Bay).
This considerably increased the area of building land. On November 9, 1872, a fire destroyed 27 hectares and around 750 houses in the business district. Airport Car Service near me After the reconstruction and the encirclement of the suburbs of Brighton, Charleston and West Roxbury, the number of the population reached in 1880 the number of 363,000 to exceed at the beginning of the century following the half million.
Beside its political importance as “cradle of the American revolution” and its economic wealth, Boston knew a lively intellectual activity which attracted many writers like Longfellow, Lowell, Hawthorne, Bancroft, Prescott and Aldrich and which still manifests itself of our days by the presence of numerous cultural centers and important bookstores. Boston is the birthplace of Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), writer, politician and inventor of the lightning rod, and of the poet Edgar Allan Poe.
It was in the current suburb of Charleston that the portrait painter and inventor of the telegraph Samuel Morse was born in 1791, and it was in the city of Brookline, on the outskirts of Boston, that the future 35th president of the United States was born in 1917. United, John Fitzgerald Kennedy.
Walk in Boston, the cradle of American history
More really Europe and not yet quite America. Boston could be in the middle of the Atlantic. The brown brick buildings and the carefully mowed gardens of the Beacon Hill district would not detonate in an English city. On the other hand, the glass, concrete and steel skyscrapers dominating the old docks make the city look like New York or Chicago.
The visitor does not have enough of an extended weekend to discover the different facets of the city. In the district of North End, stronghold of Italian-Americans, scents of tight coffee and home-made pizza escape from the ajar doors of the shops. The rectilinear avenues of the chic Back Bay district were, say the Bostonians, built according to French architectural standards. Nearby, the terraces of Newbury Street, crowded at the end of this sunny afternoon, attract those who, between two shopping sessions, like to see and be seen.
Who said that America was a new continent devoid of history? Boston is one of the oldest cities on the continent. Founded by English settlers in the 17th century, it was the scene of the American revolution at the end of the 18th century, before becoming the first port in the United States and a major industrial center at the end of the 19th. To discover the buildings that illustrate this glorious past, just follow the Freedom Trail, a red line drawn on the ground that leads the walker through the historic heart of the city.
The path winds through the city, sometimes taking the form of a line of red paint, sometimes that of bricks set in the sidewalk. We discover the dome of the Massachusetts Parliament, built in 1798, the oldest house in the city still standing, which dates from 1680, or the USS Constitution, a three-masted frigate which fought the British Royal Navy during the Anglo War -American of 1812.
TRADITION OF TOLERANCE AND OPENING
But Boston does not only claim the history of the descendants of the Anglo-Saxon settlers. The state of Massachusetts seeks to promote the Black Heritage Trail, which takes visitors to the neighborhoods where the descendants of slaves lived and worked. Massachusetts, which was the first American state to condemn slavery, has kept a tradition of tolerance and openness to ideas from elsewhere. History of Boston Tells That Bostonians continue to vote for Democrats in almost every election and are proud of their “liberal” politicians, that is to say, the left. In Beacon Hill, Cape Cod Car Service you will pass 19 Louisburg Square to admire the superb house topped with an American flag where Senator John Kerry appeared, smiling, during his unsuccessful campaign against President Bush in 2004.
If you get tired of walking around the center, you will take a bicycle or the metro, colloquially called “T” (“tee”), like the logo which indicates the stations since the 1960s. really believes in Europe! The oldest underground network in the United States follows a winding path where the trains squeak when taking turns.
From Beacon Hill to Cambridge, cycling on the pavement
Boston has sumptuous museums, devoted to the plastic arts, sciences or natural history. The collection assembled at the beginning of the 20th century by Isabella Stewart Gardner is undoubtedly the most astonishing. This rich widow, a collector of works of art, built a Venetian palace on the edge of a park, the ornate balconies of which look out onto an interior garden covered with a glass roof. The freshness of the place contrasts, in summer, with the humidity of the air which prevails on the East Coast of the United States. The heiress has brought together in large rooms with tiled or parquet floors an accumulation of paintings, sculptures, furniture or tapestries from all eras and from all sources, including works by Botticelli, Rubens, Delacroix or Matisse.
Massachusetts is also distinguished by its gastronomy, grilled lobsters or scallops, served with vegetables from New England. For the pleasure of the view, we will have lunch or dinner at the Top of the Hub, at the top of the Prudential tower, 228 meters above the ground. In addition to the pleasure of dominating the city and its surroundings, you can come across winners from Harvard University or the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, whose campuses are located in Cambridge, in the suburbs of Boston. “Many young graduates come to celebrate their admission with their parents,” said the waiter, smiling.
Theater lovers should not hesitate to take advantage of the rich Boston scene. At Huntington Theater, one of the most prestigious, we perform excellent plays in English accessible to those who do not have a perfect command of the language of the United States.
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